Access to Grievance Mechanisms & Dispute Resolution

State-supported remedy can take many forms, including formal apology, restitution, rehabilitation, compensation (financial or otherwise) and formal court-ordered sanctions. In theory, migrant workers can lodge complaints in their own country or in the country of destination via their embassies and consulates, although this is often limited in practice. It is critical that migrants can access grievance and dispute resolution mechanisms at home, as well as in the country of destination. As it stands, however, migrants often face several barriers in accessing such mechanisms, and fear and risk deportation or detention if they report exploitation to the authorities.

Further considerations and guidance related to this topic can be found in Section 6 of the Montreal Recommendations.